Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An International Journal (KM&EL), Vol 7, No 1 (2015)

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Using concept maps to create reasoning models to teach thinking: An application for solving kinematics problems

Guadalupe Martínez-Borreguero, Ángel L. Pérez-Rodríguez, María Isabel Suero-López, Pedro J. Pardo-Fernández, Francisco L. Naranjo-Correa

Abstract


We present research carried out with university students taking the subject “Concept Maps in Teaching” within the Master’s Degree on Research in Teaching and Learning of the Experimental Sciences. The objective of this study was to elaborate a reasoning model, created using concept maps, that captures modes of thinking of expert teachers about solving kinematics problems. This model, used as a framework for those with less expertise in a particular form of argumentation, identifies approaches to solving certain types of problems. This paper focuses on the creation, utilisation, and validation of a reasoning model for solving kinematics problems. This model may apply to other types of learning content (concepts, procedures, but primarily arguments). The study was conducted during a school year with 60 students using a pre-test and post-test method to quantify the effectiveness of the reasoning model developed in problem solving. The statistical analysis revealed a statistically significant difference between the performance of the experimental and control groups. The results suggest that the development and use of this type of meta-reasoning, which is necessary for building a reasoning model, are of great help in teaching our students to reason about kinematics problem solving.

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Knowledge Management & E-Learning: An International Journal (KM&EL)
ISSN 2073-7904

 

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Laboratory for Knowledge Management & E-Learning

Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong